Testing and Calibration
 
 

FAQ

  • What is accreditation?

  • Accreditation is the process in which and authoritative body formally recognizes the competence, impartiality and capability of an organization to carry out specific activities, such as certification, testing, calibration and inspection.

    The third party attestation related to conformity assessment body conveying formal demonstration of tis competence to carry out specific conformity tasks.

    (Source: ISO/IEC 17000 Conformity Assessment - Vocubulary and General Principles)

  • What is certification?

  • Certification is a "third-party attestation related to products, processes, systems or persons,"

    Certification is often associated with the quality management systems standard ISO/IEC 9001 and the environment management systems standard ISO 14001. There are, however, certification programs for a broad range of management systems standards, including the ISO/IEC 27000 program for information security management and the ISO/IEC 22000 program for food safety management.

    Prodcut certification is the process of verifying that a product, including services and process, meet requirements specified in contracts, regulation, or specifications.

    In most countries, accreditation is voluntary. Many certification bodies seek accreditation in order to demonstrate third-party confirmation of their competence.

       (Source: ISO/IEC 17000 Conformity Assessment-Vocabukary and General Principles)

  • What are the benefits of accreditation?

  • ➣ For National Authorities and Regulators

    Regulators can set policy requirements or detailed technical requirements and rely on accredited laboratories, inspection bodies or certification bodies to check for compliance.

    Regulators can therefore reduce their in-house inspectorates and specialist assessment personnel to reduce cost, or target their inspections more effectively.

    The use of accredited services can also moderate the need for additional legislation, as well as reduce the risk of unintended consequences. of industrial and commercial activities. Internation accreditation arrangement provide regulators with a robust and credible framework to accept accredited test results, inspection reports and certification from overseas, with an equivalent level of confidence as if they were carried out in the local economy.

    ➣ For Business

    Holding accredited conformity assessment results shows credible evidence of conformance with national and international standards and regulations which can differentiate a business from its competitors.

    When Accreditation is recognised internationally, it can open doors overseas market as well as in the domestic market. increasingly, organisation in both the public and private sectors in domestic markets and overseas are specifying accredited testing, inspection or certification as a precondition to tendering for contracts

    Accredited conformity assessment can also contribute to the operational efficiency of businesses in other ways, saving time and money by reducing bureaucracy and by helping with risk management and key aspects of decision-making. For instance, it can be used as a basis on which to make efficient and informed choices on domestic suppliers and promotes confidence in imports from other countries. It can also demonstrate due diligence in the event of legal action.

    ➣ For Consumers

    Internation accreditation agreements help increase the choice of goods and services available on the market and help to ensure that these meet relevant standards of quality and safety, whatever their country of origin.

       (Source: ilac.org)

  • What is the accreditation body in the Philippines?

  • The Philippine Accreditation Bureau (PAB) formerly Philippines Accreditation Office is the national accreditation body of the Philippines and the central body to accredit inspection, testing and certifying bodies and other bodies offering conformity assessment services.

    The PAB is recognized internationally through its membership to the International Accreditation Forum (IAF), International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC), Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC), Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC), and ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and Quality (ACCSQ) Working Group on Accreditation and Conformity Assessment (WG2).

    PAB is also a signatory to the PAC and IAF Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA) for Quality Management System (QMS) and Environmental Management System (EMS) and APLAC and ILAC Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) for testing and calibration of

    The Bureau promotes accreditation of Conformity Assessment Bodies (CAB) locally and internationally through information campaign using various media; participation in local and international marketing events; continuous compliance in MRA/MLA requirements; and consultations and dialogues with stakeholders.

  • What is Conformity Assessment Body?

  • Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs)
          - Organization which undertake conformity assessment techniques and activities.

    "Conformity Assessment is the process for demonstrating that expectations abot the product and services relation to feature like quality, ecology, safety, economy, reliability, compatibility, interoperability, efficiency and effectiveness meet the requirements of standards, regulation and other specifications."

    Exmple of Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs)
    • Certification Bodies
    • Inspection Bodies
    • Testing Laboratories (Including medical testing laboratories
    • Calibration Laboratories


  • What is Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA)?

  • A Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) is an international agreement that promotes trust and builds confidence among accreditation bodies through their ability to determine a laboratory’s competence to carry out testing or calibration.

    This MRA forms a regional network of laboratories and inspection bodies accredited by accreditation bodies that have been peer-evaluated and recognised as being competent. This network facilitates the acceptance of test, calibration and inspection reports in the region, thus contributing to the facilitation of trade and the free-trade goal of "tested/inspected once, accepted everywhere".

    Under MRAs, tests/inspections performed by laboratories accredited by a signatory country like PAB are recognized and accepted by fellow signatory countries.

       (Source: ilac.org and aplac.org)

  • What is Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA)?

  • A Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA) enhances the acceptance of goods and services across national borders. Through the MLA, there is assurance of mutual recognition of accredited certification between signatories to the MLA and the subsequently acceptance of accredited certification in many markets based on one accreditation. This recognition and acceptance removes technical barriers to trade (TBT) by reducing redundant conformity assessment.

    Accreditations granted by MLA signatories like PAB is recognized worldwide based on their equivalent accreditation programs, reducing costs and adding value to business and consumers.

       (Source: IAF FAQ)

  • What are the accreditation schemes offered by PAB?

    • Accreditation for Testing and Calibration Laboratories

      -determines through assessment the technical competence of testing and calibration laboratories based on the requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17025 and specific technical requirements relevant to a field of testing or calibration

    • Accreditation for Inspection Body

      -determines through assessment the technical competence, independence and impartiality of organisation that carry out specific inspection activities based on the requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17020

    • Accreditation for Medical Testing Laboratories

      -determines through assessment the conformance to essential elements based on PNS ISO 15189 of medical laboratories to demonstrate the quality and competence of their services, as well as to consistently deliver technically valid test or "examiniation" results as they are known in the standard

    • Accreditation scheme for Management System Certification Bodies

      Quality Management System (QMS)

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, integrity and independence of certification bodies providing PNS ISO 9001 certification, based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17021-1, PNS ISO/IEC TS 17021-3 and IAF Mandatory Documents.


      Environmental Management System (EMS)

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, consistency and impartiality of certification bodies providing PNS ISO 14001 certification based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17021-1, PNS ISO/IEC ts 17021-2 and IAF Mandatory Documents.


      Food Safety Management System

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, consistency and impartiality of certification bodies providing PNS ISO 22000 certification based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17021-1 and PNS ISO/TS 22003.


      HACCP based Food Management System

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, consistency and impartiality of certification bodies providing HACCP certification based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17021-1.


      Information Security Management System

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, consistency and impartiality of certification bodies providing PNS ISO/IEC 27001 certification based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17021-1 and PNS ISO/IEC 27006.

      Energy Management System

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, consistency and impartiality of certification bodies providing PNS ISO 50001 certification based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17065, Applicable Certification Scheme Requirements and IAF Guidance Documents.

    • Accreditation scheme for Product Certification

      This scheme evaluates the technical competence, consistency and impartiality of product certification bodies, based on the general requirements of PNS ISO/IEC 17065, Applicable Certification Scheme Requirements and IAF Guidance Documents.




  • How can we recognize Accredited Certificates and endorsed test/calibration/inspection reports

  • Accredited Certificates and Endorsed Test/Calibration/Inspection Reports can be recognized by PAB Accreditation Symbol with corresponding accreditation number/s as shown below:

    A. For Accredited Laboratory and Inspection Body



    B. For Accredited Certification Body



  • How to be accredited:

  • A. For Laboratory and Inspection body



    B. For Certification Body



  • What are the requirements for laboratory and inspection body accreditation?


  • Application for accreditation may be made only by legally identifiable organizations. A laboratory or inspection body applying for accreditation shall submit the necessary accomplished forms and documents:
    • LA/SF03 Application for Accreditation/Reaccreditation
    • LA/SF05 Application for Signatory Approval
    • LA/SF27 Acceptatnce of Accreditation Condition
    • LA/SF33 Assessment Checklist for PNS ISO/IEC 17025 (for testing and calibration laboratory)
    • LA/SF34 Assessment Checklist for PNS ISO/IEC 17025 (for inspection body)
    • LA/SF35 Assessment Checklist PNS ISO 15189 (for medical testing laboratory)
    • Copy of Quality Manual and Procedures Manual
    • Test Method/Calibration Method/Inspection Method (for In-house Methods)


    For full details, plese refer to LA/GD01 Accreditation Process.

  • What are the requirements for Management System Accreditation?


  • A CB desiring to be accredited by PAB must submit the following documents along with the prescribed Application Form (MSA/SF01 and MSA/SF01A Application Form) signed by its representative:
    • Accomplished Checklist of the Accreditation Criteria
    • copy of SEC Registration with the Articles of Incorporation or DTI Registration or if in case of a foreign CB, duly notarized registration documents and authenticated by Philippine Consulate, as proof of being a legal entity as the case may be.
    • A copy of its Quality Manual and relevant associated documents and records.
    • Documented rules and procedures for Certification activities.
    • Overview of the financial structure of the applicant body
    • Information of fees charged to its applicatns and certified suppliers, and the means by which it obtains financial support.
    • Clear definition of the scopes for which accreditation is being sought for.


    For full details, please refer to MSA/P01 MSA-Quality Proceudre - The Accreditation Process.

  • What are the fees needed for accreditation?


    • For Management System Accreditation:

    • A.1 The following is the schedule of fees relative to the implementation of PAB Management System Accreditation which shall be collected from an applicant or accredited certification body:

      1. Application Fee
        (non-refundable, payable upon
        issuance of application form)
      2. Php 2,000.00
      3. Assessment Fee
        (including document review,
        initial assessment
        surveillance assessment,
        special assessment,
        reassessment, witness audit
      4. Php 5,000.00 per man-day
      5. Accreditation Fee
        (payable upon issuance of certificate)
      6. Php 10,000.00 per scope of accreditation
      7. Annual accreditation fee
      8. Php 5,000.00 per scope of accreditation

        A.2 Transportation, accommodation, and airport taxes of PAB assessment team shall be borne by the applicant or accredited certifying body.

        A.3 Payment for contracted members of the assessment team shall be paid by the certifying body based on billing statement issued by PAB.

        A.4 The PAB shall not refund any fee paind, if the application is not approved, withdrawn or discontinued or if the certification of Accreditation is suspended or cancelled.
        A.5 Certifying body shall be answerable for accidents that may occur during the assessment, if it can be proven that faults or negligence is contributed by them.

        A.6 Fees shall be payable to the Department of Trade and Industry. Payments shall be coursed through the Philippine Accreditation Bureau

        For full details, please refer to MSA/GD02 PAB MSA Schedule of Fees.

      9. For Laboratory and Inspection Body Accrditation

      10. The following is the schedule of fees relative to the implementation of PAB

        B.1 Laboratory Accreditation which shall be collected from an applicant or accredited laboratory/inspection body:
      11. Application Fee
      12. Php 300.00
      13. Assessment Fee
        (including document review, initial asssessment
        surveillance assessment, special assessments,
        and reassessment
      14. Php 500.00 per man-hour
      15. Accreditation Fee
        (payable upon issuance of certificate)
      16. Php 5,000.00 per scope of accreditation
      17. Annual accreditation fee
      18. Php 3,000.00 per organization
        B.2 Transportation, accommodation and airport taxes expenses of PAB assessment team shall be shouldered by the laboratory/inspection body.

        B.3 Fess shal be payable to the Department of Trade and Industry. Payment shall be coursed through the Philippine Accreditation Bureau.

        For full details, please refer to LA/GD20 PAB Schedule of Fees.

 


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